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Vertigo or dizziness is one of the most common symptoms in medicine. It affects around 30% of general population.It can be a symptom of the problem in balance organ in the inner ear (Peripheral vertigo) to more sinister brain related problem (Central vertigo) Vertigo or dizziness is not a disease but a symptom. Proper diagnosis of vertigo and its underlying cause is extremely important to treat the patients efficiently. Aaryan ENT Clinic is the High-grade Vertigo Specialist Doctors in Mumbai.
The organ of balance (the vestibular system) is found inside the inner ear. It is made up of three semicircular canals and two otolith organs, known as the utricle and the saccule. The semicircular canals and the otolith organs are filled with fluid.
Each of the semicircular canals end in a space that has small hair cells in it. These spaces are called ampullae. Whenever we turn our head, the inner ear turns along with it. But it takes a very brief moment for the fluid in the semicircular canals and ampullae to move with our head too. This means that the sensory hair cells in the ear are bent by the “slow” fluid. The hair cells then send this information to the brain via nerves.
The semicircular canals respond to rotational movements (angular acceleration)
One of the canals responds to the head
• tilting upwards or downwards,
• one responds to it tilting to the right or to the left, and
• one responds to it turning sideways.
The utricle and saccule are found diagonally under the semicircular canals.They respond to changes in the position of the head with respect to gravity (linear acceleration).
There are also thin sensory hair cells in both organs. But unlike in the semicircular canals, there are small crystals on the hair cells.These crystals are called otoliths or “ear rocks.” The otolith organs detect acceleration, for instance when you take an elevator, fall, or gather speed or brake in a car.
Information coming from the vestibular system is processed in the brain and then sent on to other organs that need this information, such as the eyes, joints or muscles. This allows us to keep our balance and know what position our body is in. Any disruption in functioning of this fine system leads to sensation of vertigo or dizziness.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) :-
The inner ear sends signals to the brain about head and body movements relative to gravity. It helps you keep your balance.BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles clump up in canals of the inner ear. These particles disrupts the mechanism of sending signals to the brain.
BPPV can occur for no known reason and may be associated with age and Vit D deficiency and head trauma.
This is an inner ear disorder thought to be caused by a build-up of fluid and changing pressure in the ear. It can cause episodes of vertigo along with ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss.
Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis-
This is an inner ear problem usually related to infection (usually viral). The infection causes inflammation in the inner ear around nerves that are important for helping the body sense balance.
Migraine Related Vertigo (MRV)-
It is a nervous system problem that causes repeated dizziness (or vertigo) in people who have a history of migraine symptoms. Unlike traditional migraines, a person may not always have a headache.
You could get dizzy and have balance problems without having a migraine at all. Other times, the vertigo symptoms happen before, during, or after the headache. Sometimes, you might have migraines for years before the vertigo symptoms begin.
Less often vertigo may be associated with:
• Head or neck injury • Brain problems such as stroke or tumour • Certain medications that cause ear damage
At AARYAN ENT CLINIC, you will be examined thoroughly for your Vertigo or Dizziness problem by trained Neurotologist Dr Sonali Pandit. If necessary, Vestibular function tests like Videonystagmography (VNG), Subjective Visual Vertical (SVV), Craniocarpography (CCG), Dynamic visual acuity (DVA) will be performed to confirm your diagnosis and start you on appropriate treatment.
Get the best treatment of any kind of Vertigo because we are specially trained Vertigo Specialist Doctors in Mumbai